Board certification is an independent evaluation of a physician’s skill and expertise within a medical specialty. Board certification used to be considered an “extra step” along the path of a physician’s development. It is now common for physicians to be board certified. However, board certification in more than one specialty is still relatively uncommon. In the United States, the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) is considered the premier and universally recognized entity for board certification. The ABMS is an umbrella organization, consisting of member boards in various medical specialties. The ABMS member boards concerned with Dr. Rappard’s specialization in Neurointerventional Surgery are the American Board of Radiology and The American Board of Neurological Surgery.